In the 19th century Britain, Belgium, France, and the United States industrialized largely on the basis of the individual entrepreneur and the free market economy. CiteScore: 7.1 ℹ CiteScore: 2019: 7.1 CiteScore measures the average citations received per peer-reviewed document published in this title. The state made the major decisions about investment, transport and communications, and education. It is probably this attitude that permitted the West to surpass the East, after centuries of inferiority, in the exploitation of the physical world. It also meant circumventing the sharp division between management and workers that hampered most early Western industrializers and that continued to worry them in their later industrial history. Japan demonstrated this better than any other nation. Only industrial societies could be active agents in the world system. This economy has, over the centuries, been expanding outward from its northwestern European base to take in an increasingly large portion of the globe. All others must remain clients or dependents. The Modern History curriculum continues to develop student learning in history through the same strands used in the Foundation to Year 10 history curriculum, although in the historical knowledge and understanding strand in Years 9-10, there is a focus on the history of Australia and the modern world, particularly world events and movements of significance in Australia’s social, economic and political … A more significant and in many ways more interesting division arises from placing primary emphasis on the level of economic development, with political or ideological differences as subsidiary matters. It may be significant that those countries embarked on industrialization in the 19th century, while the West was still itself industrializing and before it had built up a truly commanding lead. With some anomalies—South Africa, Australia—the world is seen as divided essentially between the wealthy and powerful countries of the Northern Hemisphere and the poor, less-developed countries of the Southern Hemisphere. Modern history is the history of the world beginning after the Middle Ages.Generally the term "modern history" refers to the history of the world since the advent of the Age of Reason and the Age of Enlightenment in the 17th and 18th centuries and the beginning of the Industrial Revolution. Patterns of development of the modern world-system . Voyage of the Blind Consider, for example, the way the advancement of medical knowledge was paid for with the lives of slaves. Modern Sciences. From a poor nation humiliated at the hands of the West in the mid-19th century, Japan rose through industrialization to become one of the most powerful societies in the world. Discover how chemistry has completely changed the modern world, from plastics to fertilizers to antibiotics. 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