Two imperial commissioners for each province had the task of getting the statues and melting them for immediate minting, with the exception of a number of bronze statues that were used as public monuments in Constantinople. [61] Although no contemporary Christian challenged Constantine for his inaction during the persecutions, it remained a political liability throughout his life. Constantine's daughter Helena and his nephew and son-in-law Julian, Constantine's sons and successors: Constantine II, Constantius II, and Constans. Constantinople (kŏn'stăn'tĭnō`pəl), former capital of the Byzantine Empire Byzantine Empire, successor state to the Roman Empire (see under Rome), also called Eastern Empire and East Roman Empire. Young Constantine rose to power in the west when his father, Constantius, died. In the desperately fought encounter that followed, Ruricius was killed and his army destroyed. Fausta learned of the plot and warned Constantine, who put a eunuch in his own place in bed. Definition of Constantinople in the Definitions.net dictionary. At the time of his death, he was planning a great expedition to end raids on the eastern provinces from the Persian Empire. Constantius left Helena to marry Maximian's stepdaughter Theodora in 288 or 289. [12] The fluctuations in his reputation reflect the nature of the ancient sources for his reign. The non-navigable St. Joseph River passes through it toward Lake Michigan. He called the First Council of Nicaea in 325, at which the Nicene Creed was professed by Christians. [76] The portrait was wreathed in bay. Maxentius' forces were still twice the size of Constantine's, and he organized them in long lines facing the battle plain with their backs to the river. Let’s take a deeper look at Constantine’s conversion—both the motives behind… [272] He chose the Arianizing bishop Eusebius of Nicomedia, bishop of the city where he lay dying, as his baptizer. In 312, the Emperor Constantine defeated his principal rival Maxentius at the Battle of the Milvian Bridge. The troops loyal to Constantius' memory followed him in acclamation. Born in Naissus, Dacia Mediterranea (now Niš, Serbia), he was the son of Flavius Constantius, an Illyrian army officer who became one of the four emperors of the Tetrarchy. Henry Charles Lea, "The 'Donation of Constantine'". [225] Despite these declarations of being a Christian, he waited to be baptized on his deathbed, believing that the baptism would release him of any sins he committed in the course of carrying out his policies while emperor. [7] The Church of the Holy Sepulchre was built on his orders at the purported site of Jesus' tomb in Jerusalem and became the holiest place in Christendom. A similar edict had been issued in 311 by Galerius, senior emperor of the Tetrarchy, which granted Christians the right to practise their religion but did not restore any property to them. R. MacMullen, "Christianizing The Roman Empire A.D. 100–400, Yale University Press, 1984, p. 44, Frend, W.H.C., "The Donatist Church; A Movement of Protest in Roman North Africa," (1952 Oxford), pp. Colossal head of Constantine (4th century). Generations later there was the story that a divine vision led Constantine to this spot, and an angel no one else could see led him on a circuit of the new walls. Acclaimed as emperor by the army at Eboracum (modern-day York) after his father’s death in 306 CE, Constantine emerged victorious in a series of civil wars against the emperors Maxentius and Licinius, to become sole ruler of both west and east by 324 CE. [245], The Senate as a body remained devoid of any significant power; nevertheless, the senators had been marginalized as potential holders of imperial functions during the 3rd century but could now dispute such positions alongside more upstart bureaucrats. World History Chapter Thirteen Procopius definition: Wrote about the smuggling of silk worms and sericulutre techniques from China significance: Demonstrated Chinese influence In 313, he met Licinius in Milan to secure their alliance by the marriage of Licinius and Constantine's half-sister Constantia. The new system did not last long: Constantine refused to accept the demotion, and continued to style himself as augustus on his coinage, even as other members of the Tetrarchy referred to him as a caesar on theirs. According to Lactantius, Galerius was a brutal, animalistic man. Constantine served with distinction under emperors Diocletian and Galerius campaigning in the eastern provinces against barbarians and the Persians, before being recalled west in 305 to fight under his father in Britain. He emerged victorious in the civil wars against emperors Maxentius and Licinius to become sole ruler of the Roman Empire by 324. Created by. [46] Additionally, no earlier source mentions that Helena was born in Britain, let alone that she was a princess. Scheidel, Walter. The February 313 CE agreement to treat Christians benevolently within the Roman Empire, thereby ending years of persecution. [221] The Edict of Milan included several clauses which stated that all confiscated churches would be returned, as well as other provisions for previously persecuted Christians. [296] The Renaissance rediscovery of anti-Constantinian sources prompted a re-evaluation of his career. [228], In 321, he legislated that the venerable Sunday should be a day of rest for all citizens. [86] The Franks learned of Constantine's acclamation and invaded Gaul across the lower Rhine over the winter of 306–307 AD. At the Council of Nicea, Constantine the Great settled In the 12th century Henry of Huntingdon included a passage in his Historia Anglorum that the Emperor Constantine's mother was a Briton, making her the daughter of King Cole of Colchester. [248], Constantine's reforms had to do only with the civilian administration. [189], An extensive propaganda campaign followed, during which Maxentius' image was purged from all public places. Constantine was the first Roman emperor to convert to Christianity. He then sent his infantry against Maxentius' infantry, pushing many into the Tiber where they were slaughtered and drowned. The Roman Emperor Constantine (c 280 - 337 A.D.) was one of the most influential personages in ancient history. [184] However, he did visit the Senatorial Curia Julia,[185] and he promised to restore its ancestral privileges and give it a secure role in his reformed government; there would be no revenge against Maxentius' supporters. Constantine opposed Greece’s participation in World War I on the side of the Entente. [301] Henri Grégoire followed Burckhardt's evaluation of Constantine in the 1930s, suggesting that Constantine developed an interest in Christianity only after witnessing its political usefulness. He rode from post-house to post-house at high speed, hamstringing every horse in his wake. Constantine synonyms, Constantine pronunciation, Constantine translation, English dictionary definition of Constantine. Licinius, one of Galerius' old military companions, was appointed augustus in the western regions. [56] Constantine could recall his presence at the palace when the messenger returned, when Diocletian accepted his court's demands for universal persecution. Rome becomes Christian and Constantine builds churches. He also had two daughters, Constantina and Helena, wife of Emperor Julian.[285]. 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